SDC HAS COMPLETED A MULTI-STAKEHOLDERS COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT AGREEMENT (CDA) WORKSHOP
Mining has been a key source of economic growth in Mongolia for the last several years; however, the challenge has been how to create a broad-based and inclusive growth capitalizing the mining boom. One of ways to contribute to inclusive and broad growth is to enable strong local economies in aimags and soums, where mining deposits are often located. The role of Community Development Agreement is crucial creating a broad-based economic development. Mining law of Mongolia (provision 42.1) requires companies and local government to enter into Cooperation Agreement, but to date only few such cases have recorded. Mining companies often have experts and financial capacity to bring technical professionals, but the local government does not have many expertsand sufficient funding to negotiate an effective Stakeholders blamed each other: mining companies blamed for negative impacts, local governments blamed for being too arbitrary, central government for lacking the sense of local priorities, and herders and society complained about having too little influence on the decisions that affect their lives.
To address these challenges, between 4th and 5th of November of 2014, Sustainable Development Consulting (SDC), jointly with International Senior Lawyers Project (ISLP), Ministry of Mining, Omnogobi Aimag Governer's Administration Office has successfully organized “Workshop on Community Development Agreement” in Dalanzadgad city of Omnogobi aimag, Mongolia. Workshop provided a constructive platform for discussions among diverse stakeholders, including government, local government representatives, civil society, herders community, mining companies and international experts. Also other partners that joined us to make this workshop a success, they are Ministry Mining and Energy; Omnogobi Aimag Governor’s Administration Office,and Sustainable Development Strategies Group (SDSG) from the USA. More than 70 participants attended the workshop and discussed international trends in CDAs, topics and processes involved in CDA-making, and how to monitor results.
Please see the photos of workshop below
The main outcomes of the workshop were
· Improved understanding of CDAs and current trends
· Opportunity to speak about the issues and reached common solutions
· Enhanced their knowledge of benefits and features of international CDAs
· Learned the importance of transparency and involvement of local stakeholders
There were representatives four key stakeholders that should be involved in CDA-making process. They are government, local citizens and NGOs, central government and Ministries, and mining companies.
Citizens and NGOs: Herders and local NGOs such as Herders’ Association, Bag and Soum Development Association, Environmental Protection Association, and Steps without Border.
Omnogobi aimag: Governor, Deputy Governor, Chairman of Aimag Governor Administration Office, and Heads of the Departments
Soums within Omnogobi aimag: Governors, Chairman of Soum Citizens Representative Council of Bayan-Ovoo, Manlai, Mandal-Ovoo, Khurmen, Khanbogd, Tsogt-Tsetsii, Khanhongor, Noyon, Nomgon, Gurvan Tes, and Dalanzadgad soums
Central government representatives:Senior specialists and senior officers from Ministry of Mining and Energy, Oil Authority, and Government Cabinet Secretariat’s Office
Mining companies: Executives and Managers from AngloAmerican, Hunnu Resources, MAK, Oyu Tolgoi, Energy Resource (MMC), Erdenes Tavan Tolgoi, South Gobi Sands, and Terra Energy.
Moving forward we plan to organize more workshops on CDAs, consultations, and managing impacts of mining. We are open to addiotnal comments and questions you may have. Please contact us via: 7000-8643 or email@example.com
SDC is a social enterprise, which was founded in 2011 by Mongolian professionals committed to furthering sustainable and equitable economic development in Mongolia. As a social enterprise, it aims to broaden the economic benefits of Mongolia’s rapid development to different stakeholders in the society, including the poor and ensure impacts of mining are managed for sustainable development of Mongolia. SDC aims to achieve its goals by providing high quality social and economic information for clients in both the public and private sectors. SDC’s experiences include carrying out socioeconomic and household study for Khanbogd Soum in 2013 and offering scholarship and grants for students in financial need.
ISLP is a non-profit organization founded in 2000, with its principal office in New York City and affiliates in the United Kingdom and France, hat provides the volunteer services of highly experienced lawyers to promote the rule of law, access to justice, and equitable economic development worldwide. Since it began active operations in 2001, it has provided $100 million worth of law-related assistance to civil society organizations, educational institutions and government ministries. Sustainable Development Strategies Group (SDSG) is a non-profit organization based in Colorado, USA that manages and implements projects worldwide. SDSG operates on the local, national and international levels to develop collaborative policy and legal frameworks that address the enormous challenge of using natural resource endowments to reduce poverty while protecting human rights and safeguarding the integrity of ecosystems.